Grace to you and peace This brief greeting summarizes Paul’s gospel message. It is God’s work, through Christ on our behalf, that brings us into a harmonious relationship with God and one another.
Gave himself for our sins Refers to Jesus’ sacrificial death on the cross.
Present evil age Jewish people divided history into two major sections: the present age, in which God’s rule is not fully established (and evil persists), and the coming age, when God will complete His rule as King. For Christians, the sacrificial death of Christ enables believers to live under God’s rule in the present age. For this reason (and others), the deeds Paul affiliates with the flesh (sinful acts) are inappropriate for the people of God (Galatians 5:19–21).
Glory forever and ever. Amen Expresses the conviction that God is worthy of our unending adoration and worship. The word “amen,” meaning “so be it,” is used to show agreement or endorsement of what is said about God.